Recovery / Resilience after Radiation Emergencies

Definitions and Time Period

  • Recovery phase planning begins during intermediate phase of a response and extends post event until remediation is completed
  • Resilience
    • Concept officially introduced in Presidential Policy Directive / PPD-8: National Preparedness (March 2011)
      • Focuses on strengthening the security and resilience of the Nation through systematic preparation for the full range of 21st century hazards that threaten the security of the Nation, including acts of terrorism, cyber attacks, pandemics, and catastrophic natural disasters
    • New component of the National Health Security Strategy (NHSS)
      • NHSS is built on a foundation of community resilience - healthy individuals, families, and communities with access to health care and with the knowledge and resources to know what to do to care for themselves and others in both routine and emergency situations.
    • Based on the "whole community" approach
      • Recognizes that DHS/FEMA is only a part of the team, and not the entire emergency management team.
      • Includes
        • FEMA and partners at the federal level
        • State, local, tribal and territorial governmental partners
        • Non-governmental organizations (NGOs) like faith-based, volunteer and non-profit groups
        • The private sector and industry
        • Most importantly, individuals, families, and communities
  • Requires planning in advance.
  • Addressed in many of the most recent planning documents
  • Timelines

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Response During Late Phase

  • Actions no longer represent a response to "emergency situation"
  • Action objectives include cleanup and site recovery, work of reducing environmental radiation levels to acceptable levels
  • Phase ends when all remediation actions have been completed
  • Monitoring and treatment for late medical effects will also occur during the Recovery phase

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Useful Guidance about Recovery and Resilience

General Specific for radiation incidents

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